How to Troubleshoot an Oil Furnace

Oil-fired burners are utilized in lots of parts of the country as the basic heat source for warm air and warm water furnace. Most of the house oil systems in use today are called pressure burners. In this sort of system, oil is sprayed into a combustion chamber at high pressure, moved by a blower and fired up by an electric spark.

The oil remains to burn as the mist is sprayed. While there aren't numerous fast repairs you can undertake yourself on these kinds of heaters, good routine upkeep can help get rid of lots of problems. Here are a couple of oil furnace maintenance pointers:.

Throughout the heating period, inspect the smoke from the chimney. If the smoke is black, the furnace is not burning the oil totally and fuel is being lost. Call a professional service person for modifications.

Clean the blower at the beginning of the heating season and once more about midway through the period.

Clean soot from the stack control about midway through the heating season. If the blower motor has grease or oil fittings, lubricate the fittings midway with the heating period with cup grease or 10-weight non-detergent motor oil (not versatile oil), offered at hardware establishments.Clean the thermostat prior to each heating season.

An oil furnace is a complicated assembly. The repair and maintenance work for this type of furnace is limited to easy parts: the filters, the blower, the motor belts, the switches and the thermostat. Electrodes, an oil nozzle, air tubes, a transformer, a pump, and other parts need special devices and testing devices and are best left to a professional for service.

To become knowledgeable about your oil furnace, get rid of the access panel covering the burner blower by getting rid of the keeping screws around the rim of the housing. You can access the air blower and filter with a metal panel on one side of the furnace. The panel is held by either hooks or retaining bolts; slip the panel up and off the hooks or get rid of the bolts and lift the panel off. Many heating systems have switches and reset buttons found on the motor or in a switch box outside the furnace housing. These are generally related to labels or stampings, such as DISCONNECT SWITCH, RESET, and so on. The stack control sensing unit, a security device that keeps track of burner operation, is placed in the stack and accepted a series of maintaining bolts.

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